With the UN Day almost upon us, what are some of the most important things you should know about the United Nations? How has it changed since its establishment? What is it still doing now that’s changing everything for good or bad? We’ll answer all these questions.
The United Nations Day is celebrated on October 24 to commemorate the founding of the UN. The UN was established in 1945 after World War II, and it has been active since its establishment.
Who founded the United Nations? (Photo courtesy of Getty)
From October until early November, the COP26 climate change summit will be held in Glasgow, Scotland.
It’s an annual conference where global leaders debate climate action, and this year’s event will focus on efforts achieved since the Paris Agreement was signed five years ago.
But wait, what is the United Nations (UN), the multinational organization that is organizing the conference?
The United Kingdom is one of 193 member nations with the common goal of fostering global peace and security.
On October 24, the United Nations celebrates its 70th anniversary, so here’s everything you need to know about the organization.
When and by whom was the United Nations founded?
On October 24, 1945, the United Nations was formally established. That was 76 years ago this year.
In Geneva, Switzerland, the United Nations is housed in a building. (Photo courtesy of Getty)
The organization was founded in direct reaction to the Second World War, which left several nations in a condition of ruin.
Between April and June 1945, international leaders convened in San Francisco, California, as the war came to an end, to resolve that a comparable global conflict should never happen again.
In June, a treaty was developed and ratified by 50 nations. On September 2, 1945, the war ended, and the charter took effect on October 24.
Poland was one of the 51 founding members of the United Nations, which signed the UN charter on October 15, a later date than the other founding countries.
Among the 50 original members were China, France, Brazil, the United Kingdom, the United States, the Soviet Union (as Russia was known at the time), Iran, Lebanon, India, Turkey, Australia, and South Africa.
At the United Nations headquarters in New York, the General Secretariat building (Picture: Getty)
Ethiopia, Greece, Denmark, Norway, and Argentina were among the nations that joined from Africa, Europe, and the Americas.
Czechoslovakia (now Czech Republic and Slovakia) and Yugoslavia (now Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Slovenia, North Macedonia, and Montenegro) were also among the first nations to establish the United Nations.
What was the motivation for the establishment of the United Nations?
When previously stated, the United Nations was established as the Second World War came to a close.
In 1944, the United Kingdom, the United States, China, and Russia (then the Soviet Union) initiated discussions to form a peacekeeping organization with the goal of preventing a Third World War.
It was also intended to take the place of an existing alliance, the League of Nations, which, as we all know, failed to prevent World War II.
The COP26 conference will take place in Glasgow at the end of October 2021 (photo: Ian Forsyth/Bloomberg via Getty).
To avert war on such magnitude, those four states plus France, together with ten other nonpermanent members, create the Security Council, which attempts to safeguard the peace between all countries of the globe.
This is one of the six ‘organs’ (functions) that make up the United Nations today.
Important international concerns are debated amongst member nations via the General Assembly. Each of the 193 nations is given the opportunity to send a delegate. There is also an Economic and Social Council, which would deal with environmental concerns.
There is also a Trusteeship Council, whose primary objective is to aid various nations in their quest to become self-governing and independent countries.
The Secretariat oversees the organization’s day-to-day operations, and the International Court of Justice is based in The Hague, Netherlands.
The latter is exactly what it says: an international court that is the only one of its kind in the world to hear country-by-country disputes. It also serves as an international arbitrator.
WHO IS ATTENDING THE 26TH CONFERENCE ON CLIMATE CHANGE? Royals, politicians, and activists are expected to attend.
HOW TO GET FREE TICKETS FOR THE COP26 CONFERENCE MORE:
MORE: China’s President ‘boycotts’ COP26, implying that he would not adhere to climate targets
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The “united nations day history and activities” is a day that celebrates the founding of the United Nations. The UN was established on October 24th, 1945.
Frequently Asked Questions
Why was the United Nations UN established?
A: The United Nations was established in 1945 to replace the League of Nations, which failed to prevent World War II.
Why was the United Nations formed in 1947 what was its purpose?
A: The United Nations was formed in 1947 to try and avoid another World War.
When was the UN founded?
A: The United Nations was founded on 24 October 1945.
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